Real Estate Title Fraud

How to Protect Yourself From Real Estate Title Fraud

What is Title Fraud?

Title fraud in real estate is a form of identity theft and fraud. It happens when a criminal acquires the title or ownership rights to a property without the owner’s knowledge. The fraudster does this by using fake documents or stealing the homeowner’s identity. They transfer the property’s title into their name or secure loans against the property. The fraudster can then sell the property or borrow against its equity, leaving the actual owner with legal battles, financial losses, and credit issues.

Title fraud can go undetected for a long time, making it important for property owners to monitor their property records regularly. Maintaining robust personal information security is also essential to protect against such fraudulent activities.

What Properties are Typically Targeted?

Properties at the highest risk of falling victim to title fraud usually share common characteristics that make them appealing targets for scammers. Such properties are often mortgage-free, which makes it easier for fraudsters to obtain larger fraudulent loans or sell them without raising red flags with lenders. Rental properties, especially those with landlords who are only sometimes present or tenants who don’t frequently change, are also at significant risk because there is less oversight and physical presence. Vacation or second homes, often left unoccupied, provide opportunities for unnoticed fraudulent activities. Properties in high-value or rapidly appreciating real estate markets are desirable to fraudsters because of their substantial equity and profit potential. Elderly homeowners’ properties are also at risk as criminals may assume they are less likely to monitor or take action against suspicious activities.

Key Steps to Protect Against Title Fraud

  1. Regularly Monitor Property Records: Regularly check your property records with your local registry or land title office. Look for any unexpected or unauthorized changes to ownership details or new liens against your property.
  2. Secure Personal Information: Protect your personal information diligently. Shred unnecessary financial documents, secure important papers, and be cautious with your information online to prevent identity theft.
  3. Use Trusted Professionals: Work with reputable real estate agents, lawyers, and financial advisors, especially when buying or selling property. Verify their credentials and track record to ensure they are legitimate.
  4. Title Insurance: Consider purchasing title insurance. This can protect against losses due to title fraud, including legal costs associated with restoring your property title.
  5. Beware of Unsolicited Offers: Be cautious of unsolicited offers or communications related to your property. Verify the legitimacy of any contacts claiming to be from financial institutions, government bodies, or potential buyers.
  6. Secure Mail and Online Accounts: Ensure your mail is secure, as fraudsters often target physical mail to gather personal information. Additionally, use strong, unique passwords for online accounts related to your property, such as banking or land registry services.
  7. Regular Credit Checks: Conduct regular credit checks to monitor for unusual activities that might indicate identity theft.
  8. Educate Yourself: Stay informed about the latest methods used in real estate fraud and identity theft. Awareness is a key defence mechanism.
  9. Respond Quickly to Red Flags: If you notice any unusual activity or discrepancies in your property records or credit report, act quickly. Contact your lawyer, financial institution, and local authorities to report the issue.
  10. Document Security: Ensure all your property documents, including deeds, mortgage papers, and related records, are securely stored, preferably in a locked and fireproof location.


Real estate title fraud is a serious threat that requires proactive measures to prevent. It is crucial to regularly monitor your property records, protect your personal information, use trusted professionals, consider title insurance, and stay informed about fraud tactics. Remember, being vigilant, cautious, and quick to respond to any suspicious activities is key to preventing real estate title fraud. By taking these measures, you can significantly reduce the risk of falling victim to this harmful form of fraud and protect your real estate assets.

If you need more information on real estate transactions, contact us today and learn how a real estate lawyer can help you.

The information provided above is of a general nature and should not be considered legal advice. Every transaction or circumstance is unique, and obtaining specific legal advice is necessary to address your particular requirements. Therefore, if you have any legal questions, it is recommended that you consult with a lawyer.