Do I Need a Lawyer to Incorporate My Small Business

Do I Need a Lawyer to Incorporate My Small Business?

Entrepreneurs in Ontario often wonder if they need to hire a lawyer when incorporating a small business. Although it’s not mandatory to hire a lawyer for business incorporation, there are several factors to consider that can affect this decision.

Understanding Incorporation

Incorporation is the legal process of establishing a corporation that is treated as a distinct legal entity from its owners. This involves several legal and administrative steps, such as selecting a business name, submitting the necessary documents to the government, and creating the corporate structure.

The Role of a Lawyer in Incorporation

A lawyer specializing in corporate law can provide valuable assistance in various ways:

Reserving a Name For Your Company

A lawyer can assist when it comes to reserving a name for your company. Their guidance can facilitate the process in several key ways:

  1. Ensuring Legal Compliance: A lawyer can help ensure that the chosen company name complies with all legal requirements. Different jurisdictions have specific rules about what can and cannot be included in a company name. For instance, certain words may be prohibited, or the name may need to include specific legal elements like “Inc.” or “Ltd.” A lawyer can guide you through these regulations to ensure compliance.
  2. Conducting Thorough Searches: Before reserving a name, it’s crucial to ensure that it’s not already in use or too similar to existing names. This is more than just a cursory check; it involves searching databases of registered company names. A lawyer can conduct comprehensive searches to minimize the risk of infringing on someone else’s name, which could lead to legal disputes or a forced change of name later.
  3. Guidance on Name Availability and Reservation Process: Lawyers can guide you through the process of name reservation, which can vary by jurisdiction. They can help with filling out and submitting the necessary.

Before submitting a name approval request, a lawyer will review the list of existing companies to determine if your desired names or similar ones have already been taken. If the lawyer believes that your name choices will not be approved by the Registrar, they may ask you to come up with other options. This helps save you time and money.

Strategic Guidance

A lawyer can offer guidance during the incorporation process, ensuring that the business structure aligns with the company’s long-term goals and needs. They help entrepreneurs understand the implications of each structure, including liability, taxes, and governance. A lawyer also anticipates legal challenges and market opportunities, advising on compliance, risk management, and flexibility. By integrating legal guidance with strategic planning, a lawyer helps establish a solid legal foundation for future growth and prepares the company for success.

File Articles of Incorporation

To register your corporation, you must file a document called the Articles of Incorporation with the province of Ontario. A lawyer can draft these documents to suit your specific needs, ensure they are legally sound, and file them within the jurisdiction.

Create and Maintain a Minute Book

A minute book is a record-keeping binder that corporations must maintain in compliance with the law and typically contains various documents.

  • Articles of Incorporation
  • Ledgers of directors, officers, shareholders and share transfers
  • Minutes of Organizational Meetings
  • Shareholders Register
  • Notices and Resignation
  • Share Certificates
  • Corporate Bylaws
  • Minutes of Shareholder and Director meetings
  • Shareholder Agreements
  • Resolutions
  • Debt Obligations Ledger
  • Copies of any forms filed with the government on behalf of the corporation

Maintaining an accurate Minute Book is necessary for corporations. Failure to do so can result in severe consequences, including the loss of corporate status and its associated benefits like limited liability for shareholders. Therefore, it is important to properly create and maintain the Minute Book to avoid such repercussions.

Drafting and Reviewing Documents

A business lawyer can prepare and review key legal documents such as the articles of incorporation, bylaws, shareholder agreements, and resolutions, ensuring they are not only compliant with relevant laws but also tailored to the specific needs and goals of the business. This helps identify and address potential legal issues before they arise, safeguarding the business from future legal complications. Furthermore, a lawyer’s ability to clearly articulate rights, responsibilities, and procedures in these documents establishes a strong legal foundation for the company, facilitating smooth operations and governance as the business grows and evolves.

Risk Management

Incorporating a business with a lawyer’s guidance can help manage risks and ensure stability. A lawyer understands the legal landscape, which helps to identify and mitigate potential risks. They advise on liability issues, ensure compliance with laws and regulations, and develop strategies to protect assets. This proactive approach prevents legal disputes and supports long-term growth and stability.


While the incorporation process can be done without a lawyer, having professional assistance can save time and prevent mistakes that could lead to legal complications later.

Considerations for Small Business Owners

  • Complexity of the Business: If your business structure is complex, involves multiple shareholders, or operates in a highly regulated industry, hiring a lawyer might be more prudent.
  • Cost vs. Benefit: Weigh the cost of legal fees against your business situation’s potential risk and complexity.
  • Long-Term Legal Needs: Consider whether you’ll require ongoing legal services. Establishing a relationship with a lawyer during incorporation might be beneficial for future legal needs.


Incorporating a small business in Ontario doesn’t legally require a lawyer, but the decision to hire one should be based on the specific needs and complexity of your business. Incorporating your business is a significant decision that should not be made hastily. There are benefits to incorporating, but there are also drawbacks that you should be aware of. If you are uncertain about whether or not to incorporate or how to do it, it is advisable to seek advice from both legal and tax experts. They can assist you in determining whether incorporation is the appropriate course of action for your business. While a lawyer can provide advice and peace of mind, simpler businesses might find the DIY approach or online services sufficient. Ultimately, the choice depends on balancing the legal intricacies of your business against the costs and benefits of professional legal assistance.

If you are in search of guidance from a Toronto Incorporation Lawyer, contact us and see how our firm can help you.

The information provided above is of a general nature and should not be considered legal advice. Every transaction or circumstance is unique, and obtaining specific legal advice is necessary to address your particular requirements. Therefore, if you have any legal questions, it is recommended that you consult with a lawyer.

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